In this article, discover the milestones of the adoption and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Benin and around the world. Like the 192 other UN member states, Benin has integrated the 2030 Agenda into its sustainable development policies.
This agenda, drawn up with a view to meeting the major challenges facing countries around the world, targets 17 so-called sustainable development goals. The Sustainable Development Goals lay the foundations for a more secure world, for people who are more fulfilled in socio-economic and environmental terms.
Back on the important dates in the adoption and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Benin and around the world.
September 2000 – The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Development has always been a primary concern for international organizations around the world. The concept appeared after World War II. It referred to the process of accelerating the socio-economic growth of poor countries, with a view to closing the gap with developed nations.
However, the actions carried out in this direction by development aid agencies will not be truly structured at the global level until 2000 with the adoption of Millenium Objectives for development (OMD).
These 8 objectives reflect the humanitarian ambitions of the United Nations for 2015. Adopted in New York by the Member States, with the United Nations Millennium Declaration, the 8 Millennium Goals (MDGs) are summarized as follows:
- Reduce extreme poverty and hunger;
- Ensure primary education for all;
- Promote equality and empower women;
- Reduce infant mortality;
- Improve maternal health;
- Fight diseases;
- Ensure a sustainable human environment;
- Establish a global partnership for development.
They therefore mainly concerned the reduction of disease and extreme poverty, access to education and gender equality.
June 1992 – The Rio Earth Summit
Every decade, and since the very first edition in 1972 in Stockholm, the Earth Summit brings together world leaders around the environmental and ecological challenges of development.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in particular was marked by the adoption of several founding texts, notably:
- Agenda 21, a program of action for the 21st century;
- The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development;
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change;
- The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity;
- The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
Still called the Rio process or Rio Summit, the conference which took place from June 5 to 30, 1992, brought together 189 countries and will allow a new constant to be introduced into the world conception of development: the protection of the environment.
June 2012 – The Rio + 20 conference
Ten years after the Rio Summit, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development was held from June 20 to 22, 2012 in Brazil.
It will give birth to a convention for the elaboration of the “Sustainable Development Goals”, with the aim of bringing together the struggle for development and environmental protection, an essential step in achieving the global objectives in terms of the protection of the environment. ecology and climate.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) should facilitate this convergence by associating the concept of development with that of sustainable development.
September 25, 2015 – The 2030 Agenda
In September 2013, the United Nations General Assembly drew up a roadmap to bring together the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Rio Earth Summit conventions on a single agenda.
The negotiations, which will last two years, will culminate on September 25, 2015 in New York, with the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, also called Agenda 2030 . The agenda covers 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and defines 169 targets to be achieved by countries around the world by 2030.
Benin, like the 192 other UN member states, has adopted the 2030 Agenda. The State has since undertaken to develop and implement public policies aimed at achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
July 2017 – The High Level Political Forum (HLPF)
The High Level Political Forum for Sustainable Development is a platform for survival and review of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, developed by the United Nations, in accordance with a convention of the UN General Assembly, on September 25, 2015.
The forum, which meets every year in July in New York, includes voluntary national reviews from various countries to report on the progress of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. This progress is then reviewed by special intergovernmental commissions.
In 2017, 2018 and 2020, Benin submitted a voluntary national contribution to the implementation of the SDGs to the High Level Political Forum, making it one of only two countries in the world to have submitted three participations since the forum institution.
This strong participation reflects the country’s unwavering commitment to the effective implementation of the SDGs.
September 25, 2020 – The Decade of Action to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals
In September 2019, the Secretary-General of the United Nations invited the whole world to a collective mobilization for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
This call comes in a context of delays in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Indeed, although significant progress has been noted in the world since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, the measures taken to achieve the objectives remain insufficient.
On September 25, 2020, the world celebrated the 5th anniversary of the adoption of Agenda 2030, an anniversary that marks the official launch of the Decade of action to achieve Sustainable Development Goals.
September 25, 2030 – Deadline for the 2030 Agenda
There are now just under 10 years left to make the Sustainable Development Program a success. Indeed, it is essential that access to the SDGs be a reality in all countries of the world as of September 25, 2030.
Although this goal seems complicated to achieve given the latest upheavals observed on a global scale, in particular the coronavirus pandemic and its consequences , it is obvious that active cooperation between the various stakeholders can ensure the achievement of positive results by 2030.